Mozambique: cases and investigations
Unexpected HIV infections in children: A random sample national survey in 2009 tested children as well as adults for HIV. The study found 63 HIV-positive children aged 0-11 years old, of which 18 (29%) had mothers who tested HIV-negative. Five mothers were not tested. Among children with tested mothers, 18 (31%) of 58 had HIV-negative mothers. Source: (a) pp. 177-181 in: Instituto Nacional de Saúde (INS), Instituto Nacional de Estatística (INE), e ICF Macro. 2010. Inquérito Nacional de Prevalência, Riscos Comportamentais e Informação sobre o HIV e SIDA em Moçambique 2009. Calverton, Maryland, EUA: INS, INE e ICF Macro. Available at: http://measuredhs.com/pubs/pdf/AIS8/AIS8.pdf (accessed 19 January 2012). (b) Brewer D. Scarification and male circumcision associated with HIV infection in Mozambican children and youth. Webmedcentral 2011, Article ID WMC002206. Available at: http://www.webmedcentral.com/article_view/2206 (accessed 19 January 2012).