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Nigeria: cases and investigations

Unexpected HIV infections in children, 1989-96: Tests of inpatient and outpatient children at University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital in Enugu during 1989-96 found 56 HIV-positive children aged 0-14 years. Thirteen of these 56 children had HIV-positive mothers, 26 had received blood transfusions, and no risk was identified for 17 children. “In no child above 4 years could infection be related to vertical [mother to child] transmission.” Source: Emodi IJ, Okafor GO. Clinical manifestations of HIV in children at Enugu, Nigeria. J Tropical Pediatrics 1998, 44: 73-76.

 Unexpected HIV infections in children, 1989-96: A random sample survey in South Western Nigeria tested children aged 6-71 months and their mothers. The study found 18 HIV-positive children. For these 18 children, only 1 mother was HIV-positive mother, while 17 were HIV-negative. Source: Omotade OO, Olaleye DO, Saliu L, et al. Human immunodeficiency seropositivity among mother-child pairs in South West Nigeria: a community-based survey. W Afr J Med 2001; 20: 232-236.

 Unexpected HIV infections in children, 1996-97: A hospital-based study in 1996-97 identified 10 HIV-positive children; only 2 of the 10 mothers tested HIV-positive. Source: Odaibo GN, Bamgbose G, Jegede AS, et al. Demographic and laboratory evidence of non sexual transmission of HIV in Nigeria. International AIDS Conference 2004; 15: abstract no C12079). Available at: http://www.iasociety.org/Default.aspx?pageId=11&abstractId=2168224 (accessed 11 January 2012).

 Unexpected HIV infections in adults, 2001-02: A community-based study in South Western Nigeria tested 2,767 adults, of which 289 said they had never had any sexual partners. Seventeen (5.8%) of the 289 virgins were HIV-positive. Source: Odaibo GN, Bamgbose G, Jegede AS, et al. Demographic and laboratory evidence of non sexual transmission of HIV in Nigeria. International AIDS Conference 2004; 15: abstract no C12079). Available at: http://www.iasociety.org/Default.aspx?pageId=11&abstractId=2168224 (accessed 11 January 2012).

 

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