Swaziland: cases and investigations
Unexpected infections in children, 2006-7: A random sample national survey in 2006-07 tested 1,665 mother-child pairs with children aged 2-12 years. Fifty children were infected; 11 (22%) of their mothers tested HIV-negative. These unexpected infections got attention and comments in journals and public media. Sources:
- CSO, eSwatini, and Macro Int. Swaziland Demographic and Health Survey 2006-07. Mbabane, Swaziland: CSO and Macro International, 2008. Available at: https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/FR202/FR202.pdf (accessed 8 November 2018).
- Okinyi M, Brewer DD, Potterat JJ. Horizontally acquired HIV infection in Kenyan and Swazi children. Int J STD AIDS 2009; 20: 852-857. Abstract available at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19948900 (accessed 27 October 2018); article available at: http://www.interscientific.net/IJSA2009Okinyi.html (accessed 15 October 2018).
- Brewer, D., Okinyi, M., & Potterat, J. (2009). The facts about HIV infected Swazi children. Swazi Observer, December 11, http://www.observer.org.sz/index.php?news=9784.
- Rooney R. No room for Swaziland HIV denial. Swaziland Media Commentary 3 December 2009. Available at: https://swazimedia.blogspot.com/2009/12/no-room-for-swaziland-hiv-denial.html (accessed 27 October 2018).
Unexpected infections in adults, 2006-7: A random sample national survey of adults aged 15-49 years in 2006-2007 found that 5.2% of women who said they were virgins were HIV-positive. Among men, 2.1% who said they were virgins were HIV-positive. Source: CSO, eSwatini and Macro International. Swaziland Demographic and Health Survey 2006-07. Mbabane, Swaziland: CSO and Macro International, 2008. Available at: http://measuredhs.com/pubs/pdf/FR202/FR202.pdf (accessed 19 January 2012).