Swaziland: cases and investigations
Unexpected infections in children: A random sample national survey in 2006-07 tested 1,665 mother-child pairs with children aged 2-12 years. Fifty of the children were HIV-positive; 11 (22%) of their mothers tested HIV-negative. Sources: (a) Okinyi M, Brewer DD, Potterat JJ. Horizontally acquired HIV infection in Kenyan and Swazi children. Int J STD AIDS 2009; 20: 852-857. Available at: http://www.interscientific.net/IJSA2009Okinyi.html (accessed 15 October 2018). (a) Summary data available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19948900 (accessed 8 July 2011).
Unexpected infections in adults: A random sample national survey of adults aged 15-49 years in 2006-2007 found that 5.2% of women who said they were virgins were HIV-positive. Among men, 2.1% who said they were virgins were HIV-positive. Source: Central Statistical Office (CSO) [Swaziland], and Macro International Inc. 2008. Swaziland Demographic and Health Survey 2006-07. Mbabane, Swaziland: Central Statistical Office and Macro International Inc. Available at: http://measuredhs.com/pubs/pdf/FR202/FR202.pdf (accessed 19 January 2012).