GUIDE TO THIS WEBSITE
Many people think HIV dies in seconds outside the body. That’s not so: at room temperature it can live for hours to days in specks of dry blood and for more than a month in a syringe or needle (click here for more information on HIV survival in blood ).
What is your risk to get HIV from an unsterilized needle, razor, or other skin-piercing instrument if the previous client was HIV-positive? Click here for more information on bloodborne transmission risks.
How can you protect yourself from HIV when you get an injection, tattoo, manicure or other skin-piercing procedure? Use the menu on the right to find information about specific procedures.
Governments in Europe, Asia, Latin America, and North Africa — but not in sub-Saharan Africa — investigated more than a dozen outbreaks of HIV through unsafe healthcare. For a country-by-country account of investigated outbreaks — and unexplained cases governments have ignored — click on: Outbreaks and unexplained cases in the menu on the right.
You or someone you know may be a victim of common errors in HIV/AIDS programs in Africa (unethical research, abusive suspicion of sexual misbehavior, etc). See these and other topics on the right.
Casual contact is safe! Hugging, kissing, eating together, sharing a wash-basin or swimming pool, and other everyday activities at home, school, and work are safe. They are safe because people with HIV have skin that keeps the virus in, and others have skin that keeps the virus out. Although you should avoid touching HIV-infected blood, there is almost no risk to get infected that way as long as it doesn’t get inside your skin, through a cut or scratch.
1. NAM aidsmap. Survival outside the body. Available at: http://www.aidsmap.com/Survival-outside-the-body/page/1321278/ (accessed 4 March 2018).
2. Kramer A, Schwebke I, Kampf G. How long do nosocomial pathogens persist on inanimate surfaces? A systematic review. BMC Infect Dis 2006; 6: 130. Available at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2334/6/130 (accessed 30August 2013).
3. Centers for Disease Control. Recommendations for prevention of HIV transmission in health-care settings. MMWR 1987; 36 (suppl 2S). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00023587.htm (accessed 7 January 2011).